Wort is the malty liquid that contains the fermentable sugars that are produced by the mashing process. The wort is filtered, boiled and cooled before yeast is added to initiate the process of fermentation.
Hops are the flowers of the hop plant (Humulus lupulus). The plant is a dioecious, climbing, herbaceous, perennial, usually trained to grow up strings in a field called a hopfield, hop garden or hop yard. There are many different varieties of hops around the world and production is concentrated in moist temperate climates. Hops are usually dried in an oast house before they are used in the brewing process. (more…)